11 Temmuz 2011 Pazartesi



Area: 3,652 sq km
Population: 107,330 (1990)
City Traffic Code: 69
Erzurum-Bayburt Trabzon Silk Road that connects Eastern Anatolia on the Black Sea. Marco Polo and Turkish traveler Evliya Çelebi had passed this way. BC town on the banks of the river Coruh Dates back to 3000.
Districts of Bayburt
Districts of Bayburt and Demirözü Aydintepe 'roll.
Aydintepe: 24 km from the city of Bayburt. its name mentioned in the north west of the northern plains. The most important works in the Turkish-Islamic era, Gümüşdamla village and district in the heart of the historic arch bridge and the ruins of the central mosque madrasa.
Demirözü: History of war on the hill this ilçededir Otlukbelı. Demirözü the center of the ruins of buildings thought to have survived the classical period, depending on the county near the village of Bayrampasa (cottages) and Gokcedere the town of Mound Hill (Pulur) This EBA mound is gaining importance with the discovery of pottery.
East and southeast of Erzurum, Gumushane west, north of Trabzon and Rize, Bayburt, surrounded by the provinces of Erzincan to the south, near the River and the sea 1550 meters northeast of Anatolia Coruh height has been established.
The climate of the eastern Black Sea and Eastern Anatolian climate in Bayburt, the predominant features of a transitional continental climate prevails. For this reason, the summers are hot and dry, winters cold and snowy passes.
BC Bayburt 3000'li goes back to the years. The city was founded by Azzi. Bayburt, Medes, Persians, Romans, Byzantine, Umayyad, Saltuklu, Danismend, Seljuk, Akkoyunlu, Safavid and Ottoman rule remained. After the proclamation of the Republic, Erzurum, in 1927, was the province due to Gümüşhane.
Ruins of Bayburt
Aydintepe Underground City
The mountainous region northwest of the city of Bayburt Aydıntepe'de parish center, tuff in the surface 2-2.5 m deep cut into the bedrock without any other building material galleries, vaulted rooms, and places it consists of rooms opened wider. Approximately 2 to 2.5 m high, vaulted galleries on either side in places, is expanding. A square-shaped rooms are opened in this space, as well as places of observation creates holes for ventilation conical form, the gallery has been observed also used to illuminate rooms. Today, the city continues to excavations at the moment about the two views are put forward.
The first of these previously mentioned area of ​​the city-State of the City and the former name of the Hart (Aydintepe) in the name of the county, "halt" when the view definition. In the other opinion; Hart'ta Late Roman-Early Byzantine periods other than those of the underground cities in the discovery of a tomb, therefore, not been built yet in a time of Christianity in this region as a sanctuary, the first Christians who were expelled by the Romans arrived and took refuge in this region, groundwater the city also claims that it may belong to the Early Christian period.
Çiftetaş-II Hill
Have been identified as being a natural hill in the village of Çiftetaş 1993-1995 finds made during excavations in Erzurum Archeology Museum Bayburt
Bayburt Castle
Information related to the construction of the castle in the north of the city center is not certain. Savaşımlarında local princes and kingdoms, the castle played an important role in MS Is estimated that 58'de. Roman, Byzantine, Arab, and the remaining structure Komnenos domination, was repaired many times. Prokopius Byzantine historian, Bayburt and Aeron forts was built during the Byzantine Emperor Justinian reported. Tugrul Melik Shah, the fort was completed by Saltuklular started in the period, and Erzurum (1200-1230) are the inscriptions related to the repair work.
Seljuk and Ottoman inscriptions intact, which is one of the most important buildings that illuminates the period of Bayburt Castle and the surrounding area and made an editing project implementation stage. Restoration work is continuing apace.
Saruhan Castle
About 40 km from the city center. Orient Express in the village within the castle, defense, and surveillance purposes Gümüşhane and Bayburt region is thought to be one of the 70 castles. The castle was built on a hill, the walls from damage that could reach more than up to the present day, but over time has lost its original character.
Great Mosque
Bayburt nature of the Seljuk mosque in the heart of the city. The five inscriptions in the interior, provides information about the construction. The rectangular main space, niche positions, which are perpendicular to the direction connecting the broad arches of three naves divided into eight thick. This plan type, the Seljuk period, then applied to the Emirates. The nave ends with domed space that is. Outside the mosque is a flat-roofed, many repair soil has been able to maintain the master plan.
Pulur (Ferahşad Bey) Mosque and Madrasa
Demirözü Gokcedere town center district located within the boundaries. 16. century, a collection of structures built Ferahşad Bey mosques, madrasas, khans, baths, soup kitchen and guest house is known to occur. Of these inns, hospices and the guest house, leaving no evidence.
In the madrasa 18 Mr. Solomon is believed to have been built by the regenerating work of the late century Akkoyunlu. "L" shaped structure, the five sections. All parts of the yard gates open. Open to the courtyard door and window arches are written Persian. Rooms are decorated with niches stoves exhibit an interesting look.
Kutlug Bey Mosque
Connected to the central district, Bayburt-Kose and on the road about 30 km from the city center. Located in the village for added flexibility. 14. The Mausoleum of the second half of the century Fahreddin Kutlug. 1550 saw the renovation is understood that the inscription above the door. Building an open-roofed courtyard and crossed land, the last community place and four thick wooden mast parallel to the direction of the altar consists of three naves separated the main venue. In a seemingly simple, is observed inside wooden instrument evaluated in different ways.
Y. Hınzevrek Mosque
Located in the center of town just north of the village of Demirözü Çatalçeşme. The exact date of construction is unknown but is estimated that during Akkoyunlus. The minaret of the mosque which is covered with a sloping roof in the middle castle of hewn stone base, the cylindrical body is made of brick. A square-shaped dome covering the main attractions is destroyed and the third instead of sitting on four wooden feet, mid-swallow, a domed cover made of wood. Belt which is decorated with stalactite niches of the altar is decorated with floral and geometric motifs.
Zahid Efendi Mosque
The mosque at the center of the province of the Ottoman period (1514-1515) was built by Sir Zahid. Structure that was built in the style of classical Ottoman architecture, restored several times, but these repairs are not made in accordance with the original after the lost authenticity. The roof of the mosque is covered with sheeting material is open for worship today.
Tombs of Osman Martyr
These shrines, Saltukoğulları Mengücük commander Gazi Osman Gazi and his brother are known to belong to his sister. M. in 1682 covering the western side of the center of Bayburt Made of altitude on the hill. The tombs are near the tomb is thought to be 600-700 years.
Kutlug Bey (offers) Mausoleum
Connected to the central district, Bayburt-Kose and on the road about 30 km from the city center. Kutlug Bey Mosque shrine in the village at a distance of 30 m. The Honeywellstrasse To the east of the cemetery is located within. Inscription, the son of Tur Ali Bey Bey's name is read Kutlug. Kutlug Bey died in 1389, considering the tomb 14 It is estimated to have been built at the end of the century. Cut stone, octagonal building which was built as a dome collapsed. On the walls, has been movement inside an arched niches. Semicircular niche, round-arched. The tomb is decorated with tiles of the dome of the mosque where the porch is known madrasa rooms, remnants of them today. The majority of the tomb was destroyed and only the walls survive. Ali Bey, also known as the Tomb of the People's Tour.
Gazi Tomb Abdalwahhab
Depending on the way to the central district and approximately 35 Bayburt-Gümüşhane km of the village, just below Erenli contained. 7. century and the history books as a hero, a respected personality among the people who are Abdalwahhab Kemal. Today is standing, is open to visitors.
Bayburt Baths
Bent Bath
Coruh River, south-east of Bayburt Castle, situated at the foot baths, 16 The Mausoleum of Haji Ferahşad Akkoyunlu century. The outer part of the originality still retains part of the interior, which is repaired at various times. Bath Classic four-iwan plan, which is made with the dressing part of the bath is covered by a dome resting on four columns mid-bright lantern. Consists of a long barrel-vault is part of warmth. Khalvat partition, in the middle of a dome, the pointed barrel-vaulted iwans in four directions, chiefly domed rooms, is located in the corners. Center dome pendantives, corner domes are provided to Turkish triangles. Building now used as a bath.
Paşaoğulları (Kondolotlar) Bath
Bath is located in the heart of the city of Bayburt and repaired several times, the exact date of construction is not related to the information. Temperature section, the classic cross-shaped four-iwan planındadır baths. Pendantives of transition is provided. Corner rooms, domed vaults, barrel-vaulted warmth.
Square (Downtown), Bath
Bayburt is located downtown. Kadi Mahmud Celebi is known as the Foundation. Centrally planned, star-shaped section out of 6 temperature-iwan lost its authenticity. Hammam still used today.
Bayburt INNS
Located in the city center, near the Great Mosque, the bazaar in the. After the fire because there is no inscriptions, when the inn was originally built. Go to the inn, the main square in shape consisting of three parts separately. Middle the payee in all four directions from the pointed arches divided into four sections, each section was covered with domes. West of the main space, the second part is a narrow rectangular-shaped domes and vaults are covered repeatedly lined up.
Bayburt CAVES
Halva Ice Cave Village
Masat Valley, south of the village of Halwa is located. 33 km from the city center. stalactites and stalagmites can be seen in the ice formed within the cave. By the people of the village at different times of the cave was used as cold storage, ice formations in different forms to reflect the remarkable ways.
Çımağıl Cave
About 35 km from the city center. Çımağıl away from the village of Down in the cave Taşındibi Taşındibi neighborhood after neighborhood, can be reached on foot after about an hour drive. However, 884 m. long section consists of 11 chapters that can be examined Çımağıl Cave and the ceiling reaches 30 meters high in places. There are small pools of water in the cave, stalactites and stalagmites to the natural landscape is truly spectacular views.
Bayburt Highlands Mountain Tourist Center-Kop Kop Mountain Plateau, the Ottoman Sultan Murat Plateau
Hunting in the province is developed in this direction is a hunting and target shooting club. As prey animals, hunting land, especially in the winter is very convenient.
Trekking in the surrounding province of Kemer, Onions, Haldizen, Forties, Kose, Cosan, Kop, Otlukbelı, Divanyolu, Saricicek mountains are mountains on 2000-3000 meters, these fields on horseback, mountain, and is suitable for hiking.
Coruh River and its tributaries, is quite suitable for freshwater fishing opportunities in products. Masat, Kopuz Beşpınar, Ozansu, Yoncali, Yazyurdu, Kilickaya and trout streams in terms of Çatıksu; Orucbeyli, Gum, Saraycık, Danismend, Eymür, Gokcedere lakes rich in fish of the carp.
River Tourism, Canoeing and Rafting
One arm of the Temple, the mountains, the other an arm out of the mountains, the two branches of the provinces within the boundaries of Otlukbelı Dikmetas Coruh river flow combined under the terms of the village of our country is one of the most important rivers, because of this feature is very suitable for water sports. Abandoned by the provincial borders of the river from the village of Dikmetas Coruh Aslandede to the village at the water sports canoeing and rafting is practiced.
Kop Mountain "Tourism Center" has been declared, and the center on the "Kop Mountain Ski and Winter Sports Center" was completed planning work done by the Ministry of Tourism.
Eastern Black Sea Mountains
Sırakayalar Falls
Connected to the center of the village at the entrance of the village of Sırakayalar, including the village and the other two-fold. Halkınca waterfalls around the area during the summer months is used as a recreation and picnic area. Waterfalls in the usual place of unique beauty and importance of its very high.
Korgan Bridge
Bayburt-Gumushane road approximately 25 km of the Central district and the building connected to the town of Aksar, two eyes, and pointed arches. Cut stone arches, balustrades and arches between the stones are solid stones. Bridges in the classical Ottoman period are still used today.
Clock Tower
Clock Tower, the governor's mansion is near the center of the city of Bayburt, Republic Day, was opened in 1924. Stone Bayburt, Bayburt, still made by craftsmen in the clock tower, clock tower, is similar to Corum. Germany has been installed in the tower of 4 hours and machine tool. 21 meters in height from the floor of the tower is, to cheers by means of a ladder to climb 41 steps.
Kop Martyr
Monument Bayburt-Erzurum road approximately 40 km of the road is located on the edge. Kop Martyrs' Monument, in 1916 and Coruh Kop Pass Basin, in memory of soldiers who were killed in the enemy resistance and the resistance in 1963 was the peak of Mount Kop. Monument construction, usually with cut stone and marble used in the concrete.
LOCAL DISHES Bayburt, Bayburt gone WHAT TO EAT?
Bayburt general feature in local dishes, flour and flour related dishes, meat dishes and vegetable dishes with olive oil, more is the fact that as some kind of. Some of the dishes of the region, tel halva, sweet soup, galaçoş, sour cabbage, curd cheese filling, pseudo-Stuffed.
Road: The Black Sea Region East Anatolia, which is on the route of the Silk Road linking China-History of Trabzon Bayburt province are accessible by road.
Bus Station Tel: (+90 - 458) 211 28 60
Airline: Erzurum International airport 60 min. Trabzon International Havalimanına120 min. away.
Let Bayburt gone WHAT?
Bayburt, copper engraving, weaving rugs and robe are important. In particular motifs of rugs produced original and genuine to Bayburt. Also, the area's unique document dokumaclığı robe. Ehramdan the vest, tablecloth, bedspread, rug, curtain and interesting items, such as a tie.
WHAT TO Bayburt gone? Do not Leave Without!
If you are visited on May 20 to June 5 Bayburt Kırkpınar snakes in the village without seeing a doctor,
If you have come to the third week of July, "Dede Korkut Culture and Art Şöleni'ne" joining,
Visiting the County Forest,
Kebab him in a shroud, without eating Gındırlama Meatballs,
.... Dönmeyin.

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